Challenges of a Smart Environment
The smart city environments are becoming increasingly popular and are being widely adopted across the globe, owing to the tremendous advancements in Internet of Things (IoT) and artificial intelligence. These environments offer intelligent monitoring and real-time decision making for optimal utilization and management of resources, and to improve the operations across the city.
The real-time analytics, transmission and storage of the data generated by the interconnected devise offers a dedicated challenge in terms of computing/storage cost and real-time response. At the same time, automated surveillance and response by the interconnected deices also introduce privacy, security and ethical issues which are difficult to cope with. Increased service level and device connectivity, resulting in a sheer amount of data, jeopardizes individuals’ right to privacy and data security. For example, a night club’s member may not want to reveal his car’s license plate information for smart entry and parking. In the same way, automated surveillance and monitoring for the provision of services and law enforcement introduce ethical, societal and legal issues.
These challenges demand a suitable balance to be set between service level and privacy-security-ethics. In addition to that, a complex city environment is also subjected to change in the spatial-temporal characteristics of the interconnected devices and other environmental alterations brought about by human actions.
Living-in.EU: The Initiative
The Living-in.eu initiative for boosting sustainable digital transformation in cities and communities in the EU was introduced in 2019. Supported by the European Commission and the European Committee of the Regions, it is a platform to cope with the aforementioned challenges and utilizing digital solutions to make the cities climate neutral and work together on societal challenges in a ‘European Way’.
The digital solutions which the Living-in.eu is primarily focused on include ICT-enabled government services for seamless civic experience, digital technologies based public transportation system with enhanced comfort and reliability, energy efficiency, and environmentally sustainable housing. The initiative will gradually extend its scope and will encompass almost every aspect of life. The socio-economic benefits from this digital transformation of Europe will cover all communities by substantially improving infrastructure and skills.
Privanova supports Living-in.EU: a shared benefit for its H2020 projects
Privanova was one of first ever companies to support the initiative and is, up to now, the only French company listed on its website. Our enthusiastic supporting for the Declaration on joining forces to boost sustainable digital transformation in cities and communities in the EU comes from our extensive involvement in cutting-edge, multidisciplinary innovation projects focusing on Internet of Things and related issues such as ethics, privacy, data protection, law enforcement access to data, information security and lawful interception of communications.
The MARVEL project delivers a disruptive Edge-to-Fog-to-Cloud ubiquitous computing framework that enables multi-modal perception and intelligence for audio-visual scene recognition, event detection in a smart city environment. Our role in it is to ensure privacy, data protection and ethics compliance of the project. Aimed at improving quality of life and services to citizens while preserving privacy, security and ethical values, MARVEL copes with the challenges of data collection, analytics and storage. In this context, the “Legal” working group of the Living-in.eu initiative is particularly interested for the project as it aims to establish, amongst other things, a network of Digital Europe Ombudsmen/Ombudswomen in each European city, to ensure a fast track in the handling of citizens’ and undertakings’ complaints, in the event that a PA does not recognize the legal validity of digital documents, processes and schemes that comply with the common European legislative framework (e.g. EIDAS Regulation, Public Documents Regulation, etc.).
IoT-NGIN introduces novel research and innovation concepts, to establish itself as the “IoT Engine” that will fuel the Next Generation of IoT as a part of the European Next Generation Internet. Besides its role addressing the legal, privacy and data protection requirements, Privanova leads the next generation of IoT PRESS Analysis and supports the project through communication, dissemination and exploitation activities. An IoT project of this scale is not only delay-intolerant and entails real-time response, but it also requires in-depth understanding of what different stakeholders are doing, what are their best practices, what works and what does not work and why. The Monitoring and Measuring Group of the Living-in.eu initiative brings relevant city initiatives, associations and platforms of cities as well as interested signatory cities together to develop a solid and unique framework for measuring and monitoring sustainable digital transformation processes. Interested city representatives may take part in the Monitoring and Measuring group. In 2021, the group will focus its activities on Urban Digital Platforms and plans to develop a self-assessment for cities which have such platforms or would like to develop one.
CYRENE vision is to enhance the security, privacy, resilience, accountability and trustworthiness of Supply Chains. It proposes a novel Conformity Assessment Process that evaluates the security and resilience of supply chain services, the interconnected IT infrastructures composing these services and the individual devices that support the operations of the SCs. Standardization efforts are a priority for CYRENE. Besides reporting on the applicable legal frameworks with particular emphasis on the application and implementation of the General data protection regulation, Privanova participation in standardisation activities includes also promotion of the project outcomes and bridging it with the Living-in.eu initiative. Particularly relevant for CYRENE is the technical group of living-in.eu initiative. It aims to: develop a common list of standards and technical specifications to achieve interoperability of data, systems, and platforms among cities and communities and suppliers around the world to enable solutions such open urban platforms and digital twins.